Field Trips

Field trips are research events organised by a participant organisation to allow other parties to see the context in which they are currently developing work.


Urban Agriculture and Community Growing, March 2015

A three day trip to a number of very different farming, growing and cooking initiatives across Rotterdam.

Cultures en transition / Totnes

Le mouvement de Transition est né en Grande-Bretagne en septembre 2006 dans la petite ville de Totnes. L'enseignant en permaculture Rob Hopkins avait créé le modèle de Transition avec ses étudiants dans la ville de Kinsale en Irlande un an auparavant.Le modèle de Transition offre un cadre de travail cohérent mais non coercitif. Une initiative de Transition est une sorte de «chapeau » commun qui reconnaît les réalisations portées par d'autres (associations, Agenda 21, entreprises, municipalités,  etc.) et soutient les projets qui correspondent aux objectifs. Il y a aujourd'hui plus de 265 initiatives de Transition dans une quinzaine de pays réunies dans le réseau de Transition (Transition Network).

Le concept de transition Town repose sur une idée simple :
Il s'agit d'inciter les citoyens d'un territoire (village, commune, ville ou quartier d'une ville) à prendre conscience du pic pétrolier, de ses profondes conséquences, et de l'urgence de s'y préparer en mettant en place des solutions visant à :
•    réduire ses émissions de CO2 et sa consommation d'énergie d'origine fossile selon le Plan d'action de descente énergétique créé par la collectivité et fondé sur une vision positive de son avenir ;
•    retrouver un bon degré de résilience par la relocalisation de ce qui peut l'être et par l'intensification des liens entre habitants et acteurs économiques locaux ;

Dès lors, chaque collectivité locale trouvera par elle-même les solutions qui lui conviennent en fonction de ses ressources et de ses enjeux. Il n'y a pas de réponse toute faite. Cette démarche consiste à aider les citoyens à définir ensemble leur avenir et les solutions qu'ils souhaitent mettre en place (parallèlement aux mesures qui pourront être prises au niveau national ou international). La première étape consiste à établir une vision commune qui dédramatise la mutation à venir et fournit la motivation nécessaire pour s'engager dans un profond processus de changement.

Le concept de résilience est central. dans transition TownEn écologie, le terme résilience fait référence à la capacité d’un écosystème à s’adapter à des chocs extérieurs et des changements imposés. La résilience écologique peut être définie comme “la capacité d’un système à absorber un changement perturbant et à se réorganiser en intégrant ce changement, tout en conservant essentiellement la même fonction, la même structure, la même identité et les mêmes capacités de réaction.”Dans le contexte des communautés humaines, il renvoie à leur capacité de ne pas se désorganiser au premier signe d’une pénurie par exemple de pétrole ou de produits alimentaires mais, au contraire, de répondre à ces crises en s’adaptant.

La transition écologique de la communauté écologique fondée sur la résilience aura pour conséquences  que si une partie de la communauté en question est détruite, le choc ne se répercutera pas à travers tout le système. Elle pourra couvrir ses besoins même sans des déplacements et des transports importants. Les autres infrastructures de l’économie des ‘intermédiaires’ seront remplacées par des alternatives adaptées aux besoins locaux à un coût moindre.

Une résilience accrue et une économie locale renforcée ne signifie pas la construction d’un ‘mur’ autour de nos villes, d’une sorte d’autarcie écologique. Ce n’est ni le rejet du commerce ni d’une manière ou d’une autre le retour, à un passé imaginaire. C’est  un moyen d’intégrer le meilleur de ce qui est et d’inventer. Ce qui est en jeu c’est d’être mieux préparé pour un futur plus sobre, plus auto-suffisant, et donnant priorité au local sur l’importé. 


Co-organisers : Agency and AAA

Participants : AAA (Florian Huyghe, Doina Petrescu) - Paris FR / Agency (Cristina Cerulli) - Sheffield UK

Guests : Frédéric Sarkis, Patrick Farbiaz - France

Links :

http://www.transitiontowntotnes.org/

http://www.schumachercollege.org.uk/

Fieldtrip Eco Villages Germany

The trip is visiting three “eco-villages” and one Berlin based cooperative which represent very different aspects and scales of ecological living and production. All initiatives started during the 90ies in areas of the former GDR and have developed their own specific forms of economical and social structures.

The three villages are Brodowin, Gut Stolzenhagen and Siebenlinden. The trip will start in Berlin, with a visit to K77, a self-organised building and housing scheme that came out of squatting the property in the early 90ies in Prenzlauer Berg. www.k77.org/

We visit Brodowin and Gut Stolzenhagen during Saturday and come back to Berlin in the evening (aprox. 80 km noth west of Berlin). From there we travel to Siebenlinden on Sunday morning (100 km west), and finish on Monday afternoon.

Forms of collective organisation in isolated settlements

This fieldtrip focuses on traditional (and rejuvenated) forms of collective organisation, management and production in a mountain area in Romania. These forms are embedded in particular social, geographic and economic conditions (ie. communities in isolated areas, formed around particular agro-ecological, cultural and spiritual activities - sheep rising and pastoral activities, monastic life, common land management etc.).

Co-organisers with AAA : Asociatia Pro-turism Nedeea Valceana / Obstea Breoienilor

Participants : AAA (Constantin Petcou) - Paris FR / Agency (Doina Petrescu) - Sheffield / FCDL (Mihaela Efrim) - Brezoi / PS2 (Garreth Kennedy) - Belfast / Asociata Pro-Turism Nedeea Valceana (Mircea Onica, Gigi Efrim) - Brezoi

Guests : Fernando Garcia-Dory - Madrid

Links :

http://www.fundatiabrezoi.ro/

http://www.crestinortodox.ro/biserici-manastiri/manastirea-turnu-67824.html

http://www.crestinortodox.ro/biserici-manastiri/manastirea-stanisoara-67794.html

http://www.glogauair.net/fernando.htm

Cultural production in the Irish Border region

The political conflict and armed struggle in Northern Ireland from the early 1970's to mid 1990's pre-occupied politics and personal life and seemed to allow little space for cultural-political alternatives. The society, especially the 'working' class, was and still is to a lesser degree- divided along religious beliefs (protestant/catholic) and national orientation (loyalist/republican). This sectarianism created segregated communities; a duplicity of infrastructures and public services; and a dual education system.As the South of Ireland gained economic power in the late 1990's (Celtic Tiger Economy), a cease fire by the IRA in 1994 marked the beginning of peace negotiations in the North.

Northern Ireland's political transition was and is aided by international investment and private consumerism. After decades of 'direct rule' from London, political decision making was handed over to a regional government. Power sharing, the dismantling of watchtowers and army bases are part of a peace dividend, which largely brought a form of 'normalization' both to the political and private sphere. In this post-conflict situation, social- religious divisions however still persist.

The political conflict and its social effects had an impact not only on the two larger cities -Belfast/Londonderry- but also on towns (Portadown/Armagh) and small villages. 'Direct rule' immobilized regional independence and sectarianism has instrumentalized 'culture' to forge a loyalist/republican identity. Parts of the rural- especially in the South- appear to be an extended sub-urban, without any civic centre, community cohesion or social infrastructure. Many cultural activities and outreach projects now re-address the theme of identity, reconciliation and a 're-imaging' of personal, social, national belonging.

Since the peace process, border regions- like Co. Leitrim and Co. Armagh- receive EU Peace funding for improvements of the (rural) infrastructure and cross border cultural projects and community outreach programmes. All of the institutions the fieldtrip will visit do or did receive EU Peace funding.

From agriculture to culture culture

Grizedale Arts, with its base at Lawson Park, is initiating and commissioning a broad and experimental cultural programme that draws both from the very local resources of its geographic and historic context (Lawson Park Farm, Lake District National Park), as well as from its international arts related network.

"Based in the English Lake District National Park, Grizedale Arts has over the last decade acquired a significant reputation for pioneering new approaches to artistic production and exhibition. In contrast to traditional institutions and, indeed, to its own history in the UK land art movement, Grizedale Arts has neither studios nor exhibition space, but rather provides artists with the opportunity to realise projects using the social, cultural and economic networks of the area and beyond." (2)

Grizedale Arts has also developed Lawson Park, a traditional Lakeland hill farm that dates back to the 14th century and was once owned and experimentally farmed by John Ruskin. (3)

The house and former barn offer residency space for cultural producers to develop ideas and proposals in response to the broad context Grizedale Arts is located in.

Surrounding the buidlings is an area of approx.15 acres of farmland which is being developed as a site for experimental land use and collaborations with artists, curators, invited groups and local stakeholders. The farm land is organised into three themed zones: Pleasure (wildflower meadow and gardens, etc.), Production (Kitchen Garden - fruit and vegetables, Forest - mushrooms, shoots etc) and Experiment (Farming collaborations, test planting and cultivation, land use experiment, business development etc.)

The fieldtrip is to get an introduction to Grizedale Arts through visiting some of its sites and programmes, including Lawson Park, Lawson Park Gardens, Coniston village and the town of Egremont. It will look at the particular cross-cultural curatorial approach of Grizedale Arts, histories of local production in the area, and current projects which explore and expand the local as a subject and put in a trans-local and trans-cultural context, such as the Honesty Box and Seven Samurai.

Please check the Grizedale Arts website and blogs for more information on the organisation's context, sites and programme. www.grizedale.org

Other weblinks :

Lawson Park http://www.lawsonpark.org/blog

Creative Egremont http://www.creative-egremont.org/

(1) Alistair Hudson and Adam Sutherland in the spring 2009 issue of Art and Architecture Journal

(2) From www.grizedale .org

(3) The former Ruskin Home Brantwood is located at the bottom of the hill, see also http://www.brantwood.org.uk


Fieldtrip and panel : Publication

First field trip realized by Cultural Agencies with RHYZOME partners was Publication between 9tn and 11th September in 2009. The field trip was designed to investigate the local actors of publication in Gülsuyu and Gülensu neighbourhood and create the opportunity for project partners to have a platform to share ideas about the common publication for RHYZOME. Local newspapers, culture institutions in the neighbourhood were visited. Following the site visits in the neighbourhood, a panel in Gülsuyu / Gülensu Dükkanı (English: Store) was realized with local and international participants. Cultural Agencies, AAA, Erdoğan Yıldız from the neighbourhood, Sharia Issa from Kairo represented diverse experiences around the conception of publication. Several differences of methods and ethics of publication in the periphery, in the center of İstanbul and finally in European concept provoked many discussions in local and international level.

Cooperative villages / self-managed farms

The fieldtrip to the South of France was comprised of four sites : a self-sufficient permaculture farm (Beauchamp), an agricultural cooperative (Cravirola), a cooperative village (Viel Audon), and a cooperative self-managed farm (Caracoles de Suc). Visiting these locations fostered discussion and consideration of ecological cultural practices, alternative economies, land protection, participative forms, and innovative pedagogies.

Participants to the fieldtrip:

AAA (Constantin PETCOU, Doina PETRESCU, Nolwenn MARCHAND, Louis COULANGE) - Paris FR // ALD (Anne-Lise DEHEE) - Paris FR // FCDL (Mihela EFRIM) - Brezoi RO // AGENCY (Tatjana SCHNEIDER) - Sheffield UK // PS2 (Fiona WOODS and her family) - Leitrim EI

Institutions of the common / right to the city and new cultural politics

The seminar took place in La Casa Invisible, a citizen self-managed social center, which members are called the 'Creadores invisibles' (invisible creators) in reference to the precarious and anonymous cultural workers of the area. This organisation aims to create what could be the first 3.0 generation of social centres, which is a figure that has always been seen very much in relation the the cognitive-creative-cultural labour. The seminar, including presentations, workshops, lectures and drifts is the result/'fruit' of a collaboration between La Casa Invisible, La Universidad Nómada' and the Museum National Art Center Reina Sofia (MNCARS). The content of the discussions articulated on one hand, a critical reading of the European urban space and its cultural governance models -comparing the example of Malaga with other cities- and on the other hand an analysis of different institutions or forms of social movements, self-management experiences and self-production in the cultural, social and cognitive fields.

Participants included : La casa invisible (creadores invisible) - Malaga / Osservatorio Nomade (Ana mendes de Andes) - Madrid / La Universidad Nomada (Marcelo Exposito) - Barcelona / Flexmen (Merijn Oudenampsen) - Amsterdam / Hackitectura (Osfa aka Pérez de Lama) - Sevilla / Ulex Universidad Libre Experimental (Eduardo Serrano) - Malaga / Rizoma collective (Eduardo Serrano) - Malaga / Creadores Invisibles (Antonio Romero) - Cordoba / Exit / ODS (Mauro, Teresa) - Barcelona / Car-tac (Alicia) - Malaga / AAA (Constantin Petcou, Doina Petrescu, Nolwenn Marchand, Louis Coulange) - Paris / Carrot collective (Manuela Zeckner, Valeria Graziano) - London + other participants

Organisers: La Casa Invisible / La Universidad Nómada / Museum National Art Center Reina Sofia (MNCARS)

Link : http://www.lainvisible.net

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